Bernese Mountain Dog Breed – In the Swiss Alps, the Bernese Mountain Dog, also known as the “durrbachler,” was an essential farm dog. These devoted dogs were essential on farms, where they herded cattle, protected the farm, and even pulled milk carts to the neighbourhood dairy. The term “Bernese Mountain Dog,” which refers to the breed, has its origins in the German “berner sennenhund,” or “Bernese Alpine herdsman’s dog.”
But at the turn of the century, the breed had a dangerous brush with extinction. Professor Albert Heim’s tireless efforts prevented the Bernese Mountain Dog from vanishing into obscurity. Professor Heim committed his life to maintaining and improving the breed’s characteristics. In this endeavour, he strategically crossed Bernese Mountain Dogs with Newfoundlands to improve the dog’s temperament and size, giving rise to the adored breed we now know as the Bernese Mountain Dog.
The Bernese Mountain Dog, often simply referred to as the Bernese dog, is a large and sturdy breed known for its friendly and affectionate nature
An alert, good-natured breed, the Bernese mountain dog is eager to please and will welcome jobs to do as a family pet.
The Bernese makes a good watchdog, and is even better at herding and draft work.
The Bernese Mountain Dog is a majestic and substantial breed, characterized by its impressive tri-colored coat. This coat showcases a deep black background adorned with rich red or rust and white markings.
It’s a striking combination that accentuates their natural beauty. Their fur is luxuriously thick and moderately long, which necessitates regular brushing to maintain its health and prevent the formation of unsightly mats.
These dogs exude strength and muscularity, a testament to their working heritage. With a height ranging from 23 to 27 inches for males and 23 to 26 inches for females, they possess a robust, well-proportioned physique that tends to be longer than it is tall. In terms of weight, Bernese Mountain Dogs typically range from 75 to 120 pounds (34 to 54 kilograms), further underscoring their substantial presence.
Characteristics and Attributes of Bernese Mountain Dog Breed
Appearance: The Bernese Mountain Dog is a huge, powerful dog. Typically black with rust and white markings, they have a striking tri-color coat. A long, silky outer layer and a thick, insulating undercoat make up their thick double coat.
Size: Bernese Mountain Dog adults tend to be rather big. They normally weigh between 70 and 115 pounds (32 to 52 kg) and are between 23 and 27 inches (58 to 70 cm) tall at the shoulder.
Temperament: The amiable and gentle demeanour of Bernese Mountain Dogs is well renowned for their temperament. They make wonderful family pets because they are friendly and get along well with children. When properly socialised, they are usually friendly towards children and other animals.
Intelligence: These dogs can be trained and are bright, but they can also be stubborn at times. To bring out their best behaviour, early socialisation and persistent, positive reinforcement training are crucial.
Exercise Needs: Due to their moderate activity level, Bernese Mountain Dogs require regular exercise in order to stay healthy and content. They take pleasure in outdoor pursuits like trekking and playing. They are not extremely animated, though, and they are content to unwind with their owners as well.
Lifespan: A Bernese Mountain Dog typically lives for 7 to 10 years. They are prone to certain health problems, such as hip dysplasia and specific types of cancer, like many large breeds.
Grooming: Because of their lengthy, dense coat, Bernese Mountain Dogs need frequent grooming to avoid matting and maintain healthy, clean fur. They typically require brushing a few times per week, and they may shed seasonally.
Health: As was previously said, Bernese Mountain Dogs are susceptible to various health problems, therefore it’s crucial to manage their health with regular veterinary visits. The danger of hereditary health issues can be decreased through responsible breeding practises.
Overall, Bernese Mountain Dogs are known for their loyal and loving nature, making them wonderful companions for those who have the space and time to care for their needs. However, potential owners should be aware of their relatively short lifespan and the potential for health issues in the breed.
Bernese Mountain Dog Breed at a Glance
Male: 90-120 lbs.
Female: 70-100 lbs.
Height at Withers:
Male: 26 in.
Female: 25 in.
Floppy ears (naturally)
Exercise Requirements: 20-40 minutes/day
Energy Level: Laid back
Longevity Range: 7-9 yrs.
Characteristics: Thick, straight
Colors: Tricolored: black with tan markings with white
Overall Grooming Needs: Moderate
A rare breed renowned for its alertness and kind demeanour is the Bernese Mountain Dog. They enjoy the mental challenges of learning new skills since they have a rich past that is anchored in a working background. Due of their significant size, early obedience training is necessary to ensure they become lovable home companions. Their ingrained guarding and farm work instincts still have an impact on the breed today. Bernese Mountain Dogs perform admirably as watchdogs and even better when used for tasks like herding and draught labour. The latter is highlighted in field competitions created especially for Bernese Mountain Dogs and is still a favourite pastime for owners. Through these tests, which assess both their ability to pull a cart and keep control of it, they exhibit a strong work ethic.
Bernese Mountain Dogs make wonderful household dogs who flourish when given physical duties and obligations to carry out. They have a strong desire to please their owners by nature. But it’s important to understand that they develop gradually as a breed, both physically and psychologically. Since they are regarded as “soft” dogs and do not respond well to severe reprimand techniques, rushing their training is not a good idea.
The Bernese has an impressive, thick, long, and naturally shiny coat. Daily brushing is necessary to keep this gorgeous fur clean and prevent matting. It is advised to groom your pet frequently, ideally every two weeks, to maintain the health of their coat. Although they shed occasionally throughout the year, you can anticipate more shedding twice a year.
Bernese Mountain Dogs are not only beautiful, but they also make loving companions who like spending time with their families. They enjoy interacting with people and are happiest when treated as house dogs. Although temperament can vary, adequate socialisation is essential to ensuring their tolerance for other canines and children. The low exercise needs of Bernese Mountain Dogs make them great companions for long walks and other outdoor activities. They make excellent watchdogs.